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African Fact File 2

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: FAUSTIN-ARCHANGE TOUADÉRA

  • AREA: 622,980 KM²
  • LOCATION: THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC IS A LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN CENTRAL AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED BY CHAD TO THE NORTH, SUDAN TO THE NORTHEAST, SOUTH SUDAN TO THE EAST, THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO TO THE SOUTH, THE REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO TO THE SOUTHWEST AND CAMEROON TO THE WEST.
  • POPULATION: 4.659 MILLION
  • CAPITAL CITY: BANGUI
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON AUGUST 13, 1960.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, SANGO
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: URANIUM, CRUDE OIL, GOLD, DIAMONDS, COBALT AND LUMBER
  • GDP: 1.949 BILLION USD (2017)

 

CHAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT:

  • AREA: 1.284 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: A LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN NORTH-CENTRAL AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED BY LIBYA TO THE NORTH, SUDAN TO THE EAST, THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC TO THE SOUTH, CAMEROON AND NIGERIA TO THE SOUTHWEST, AND NIGER TO THE WEST.
  • POPULATION: 14.9 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: N’DJAMENA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON AUGUST 11, 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, CENTRAL AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: OIL, COTTON
  • GDP: 9.981 BILLION USD (2017)

 

COMOROS

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: AZALI ASSOUMANI

  • AREA: 2,612 KM²
  • LOCATION: A VOLCANIC ARCHIPELAGO OFF AFRICA’S EAST COAST, IN THE WARM INDIAN OCEAN WATERS OF THE MOZAMBIQUE CHANNEL
  • POPULATION: 813,912 (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MORONI
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 6TH JULY, 1975.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, COMORIAN, ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: COMORIAN FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: YLANG-YLANG ESSENCE, VANILLA, CLOVES, COPRA, AND OTHER AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES MAKE UP THE BULK OF COMORIAN EXPORTS; OF THESE, VANILLA IS BY FAR THE MOST IMPORTANT EXPORT EARNER
  • GDP: 648.9 MILLION USD (2017)

 

CÔTE D’IVOIRE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ALASSANE OUATTARA

  • AREA: 322,463 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED ON THE SOUTH COAST OF WEST AFRICA BOUNDED BY GUINEA AND LIBERIA TO THE WEST, BURKINA FASO AND MALI TO THE NORTH, GHANA TO THE EAST, AND THE GULF OF GUINEA (ATLANTIC OCEAN) TO THE SOUTH
  • POPULATION: 24.29 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: YAMOUSSOUKRO
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE ON AUGUST 7TH, 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, WEST AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COCOA, RUBBER, COFFEE,  PETROLEUM, NATURAL GAS, DIAMONDS, MANGANESE, IRON, COBALT, BAUXITE, COPPER, GOLD, NICKEL, TANTALUM.
  • GDP: 40.39 BILLION USD (2017)

 

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: FÉLIX TSHISEKEDI

  • AREA: 2.345 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN CENTRAL AFRICA BOUNDED BY THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC AND SOUTH SUDAN; TO THE EAST BY UGANDA, RWANDA, BURUNDI, AND TANZANIA; TO THE SOUTHEAST BY ZAMBIA; AND TO THE SOUTHWEST BY ANGOLA. TO THE WEST ARE THE COUNTRY’S SHORT ATLANTIC COASTLINE, THE ANGOLAN EXCLAVE OF CABINDA, AND CONGO (BRAZZAVILLE)
  • POPULATION: 81.34 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: KINSHASA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BELGIUM ON JUNE 30TH, 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: CONGOLESE FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: GOLD, DIAMONDS, COPPER, COBALT, COLTAN, ZINC, TIN, TUNGSTEN, CRUDE OIL, WOOD PRODUCTS, COFFEE
  • GDP: 37.24 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 REPUBLIC OF CONGO   

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: DENIS SASSOU NGUESSO

PRIME MINISTER: CLÉMENT MOUAMBA

  • AREA: 342,000 KM²
  • LOCATION: WESTERN COAST OF CENTRAL AFRICA BOUNDED BY GABON TO ITS WEST; CAMEROON TO ITS NORTHWEST AND THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC TO ITS NORTHEAST; THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO TO THE SOUTHEAST AND THE ANGOLAN EXCLAVE OF CABINDA TO ITS SOUTH; AND THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO ITS SOUTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 5.261 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: BRAZZAVILLE
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED FULL INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 15 AUGUST 1960.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, KONGO
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, CENTRAL AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: OIL, GOLD, DIAMOND, IRON ORE, POTASH, PHOSPHATE.
  • GDP: 8.723 BILLION USD (2017)

 

DJIBOUTI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ISMAÏL OMAR GUELLEH

PRIME MINISTER: ABDOULKADER KAMIL MOHAMED

  • AREA: 23,200 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED BY ERITREA IN THE NORTH, ETHIOPIA IN THE WEST AND SOUTH, AND SOMALIA IN THE SOUTHEAST.
  • POPULATION: 956,985 (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: DJIBOUTI
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 27TH JUNE, 1977
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: DJIBOUTIAN FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COFFEE, SALT, HIDES, DRIED BEANS, CEREALS, OTHER AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, CHALK, AND WAX. OTHER NATURAL RESOURCES INCLUDE; PETROLEUM, GOLD, CLAY, MARBLE, PUMICE, GYPSUM AND DIATOMITE
  • GDP: 1.845 BILLION USD (2017)

 

EGYPT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ABDEL FATTAH EL-SISI

  • AREA: 1.01 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: NORTHEAST CORNER OF AFRICA BOUNDED BY GAZA STRIP AND ISRAEL TO THE NORTHEAST, THE GULF OF AQABA AND THE RED SEA TO THE EAST, SUDAN TO THE SOUTH, AND LIBYA TO THE WEST
  • POPULATION: 97.55 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: CAIRO
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED NOMINAL INDEPENDENCE FROM THE BRITISH EMPIRE AS A MONARCHY IN 1922. HOWEVER, BRITISH MILITARY OCCUPATION OF EGYPT CONTINUED, AND MANY EGYPTIANS BELIEVED THAT THE MONARCHY WAS AN INSTRUMENT OF BRITISH COLONIALISM. FOLLOWING THE JULY 23, 1952 REVOLUTION, EGYPT EXPELLED BRITISH SOLDIERS AND BUREAUCRATS AND ENDED BRITISH OCCUPATION, NATIONALIZED THE BRITISH-HELD SUEZ CANAL, EXILED KING FAROUK AND HIS FAMILY, AND DECLARED ITSELF A REPUBLIC.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC, MODERN STANDARD ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: EGYPTIAN POUND
  • MAIN EXPORTS: CRUDE OIL, NATURAL GAS, PHOSPHATES, AND IRON ORE
  • GDP: 235.4 BILLION USD (2017)

 

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: TEODORO OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO

  • AREA: 28,050 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED ON THE WEST COAST OF CENTRAL AFRICA BOUNDED BY CAMEROON TO THE NORTH AND GABON TO THE EAST AND SOUTH.
  • POPULATION: 1.268 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MALABO
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM SPAIN ON 12 OCTOBER 1968
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): SPANISH, FRENCH, PORTUGUESE
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, CENTRAL AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: PETROLEUM, NATURAL GAS
  • GDP: 12.49 BILLION USD (2017)

 

ERITREA

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ISAIAS AFWERKI

  • AREA: 117,598 KM²
  • LOCATION: NORTHEAST AFRICAN COUNTRY ON THE RED SEA COAST BORDED BYSUDAN IN THE WEST, ETHIOPIA IN THE SOUTH, AND DJIBOUTI IN THE SOUTHEAST. .
  • POPULATION: 4.475 MILLION (2011)
  • CAPITAL CITY: ASMARA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM ETHIOPIA ON 24TH MAY, 1991
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): TIGRINYA, ARABIC, TIGRE
  • CURRENCY: ERITREAN NAKFA
  • MAIN EXPORTS: FOOD, LIVESTOCK, SMALL MANUFACTURES, SORGHUM, AND TEXTILES. OTHER RESOURCES INCLUDE; NATURAL GAS, GOLD, COPPER, OIL, ZINC AND POTASH.
  • GDP: 2.608 BILLION USD (2011)

 

ETHIOPIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: SAHLE-WORK ZEWDE

PRIME MINISTER: ABIY AHMED

  • AREA: 1.104 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: NORTHEASTERN PART OF AFRICA BOUNDED BY ERITREA AND DJIBOUTI ON THE NORTHEST, SOMALIA ON THE EAST AND SOUTHEAST, KENYA ON THE SOUTH AND SUDAN ON THE WEST AND NORTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 105 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: ADDIS ABABA
  • INDEPENDENCE: WAS NEVER COLONISED
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): AMHARIC
  • CURRENCY: ETHIOPIAN BIRR
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COFFEE, OILY SEEDS, GOLD, DRIED LEGUMES AND OTHER PRECIOUS METALS.
  • GDP: 80.56 BILLION USD (2017)

  

GABON    

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ALI BONGO ONDIMBA

PRIME MINISTER: JULIEN NKOGHE BEKALE

  • AREA: 267,667 KM²
  • LOCATION: ON THE ATLANTIC COAST OF CENTRAL AFRICA ON THE EQUATOR BOUNDED BY THE ATLANTIC OCEAN, EQUATORIAL GUINEA AND CAMEROON TO THE NORTH, AND THE REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO TO THE EAST AND SOUTH.
  • POPULATION: 2.025 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: LIBREVILLE
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 17TH AUGUST 1960.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, CENTRAL AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: TIMBER, MANGANESE, URANIUM, AND OIL
  • GDP: 14.62 BILLION USD (2017)

 

THE GAMBIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ADAMA BARROW

  • AREA: 11,295 KM²
  • LOCATION: A SMALL WEST AFRICAN COUNTRY, BOUNDED BY SENEGAL, WITH A NARROW ATLANTIC COASTLINE
  • POPULATION: 2.101 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: BANJUL
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON FEBRUARY 18TH, 1965
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: GAMBIAN DALASI
  • MAIN EXPORTS: PEANUTS AND PEANUT PRODUCTS, FISH, COTTON LINT, PALM KERNELS.
  • GDP: 1.015 BILLION USD (2017)

 

GHANA

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: NANA AKUFO-ADDO

  • AREA: 238,535 KM²
  • LOCATION: ALONG THE GULF OF GUINEA AND ATLANTIC OCEAN, IN THE SUBREGION OF WEST AFRICA BOUNDED BY TOGO TO THE EAST, IVORY COAST TO THE WEST, BURKINA FASO TO THE NORTH AND THE ANTLANTIC OCEAN TO THE SOUTH.
  • POPULATION: 28.83 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: ACCRA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 6TH MARCH, 1957.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: GHANA CEDI
  • MAIN EXPORTS: CRUDE PETROLEUM, GOLD, COCOA. OTHER RESOURCES INCLUDE; MANGANESE, BAUXITE, INDUSTRIAL DIAMONDS, TIMBER, RUBBER, HYDROPOWER, SILVER, SALT AND LIMESTONE
  • GDP: 47.33 BILLION USD (2017)

 

GUINEA   

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ALPHA CONDÉ

  • AREA: 245,857 KM²
  • LOCATION: WEST AFRICA BOREDED BY GUINEA BISSAU, SENEGAL, AND MALI TO THE NORTH AND TO THE SOUTH, SIERRA LEONE, LIBERIA, AND CÔTE D’IVOIRE
  • POPULATION: 12.72 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: CONAKRY
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 2ND OCTOBER 1958.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: GUINEAN FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: GOLD, DIAMONDS, COFFEE AND FISH.
  • GDP: 10.49 BILLION USD (2017)

 

GUINEA-BISSAU

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: JOSÉ MÁRIO VAZ

PRIME MINISTER: ARISTIDES GOMES

  • AREA: 36,125 KM²
  • LOCATION: WEST AFRICA’S ATLANTIC COAST BOREDED BY SENEGAL TO THE NORTH AND GUINEA TO THE SOUTH AND EAST, WITH THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO ITS WEST.
  • POPULATION: 1.861 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: BISSAU
  • INDEPENDENCE: DECLARED INDEPENDENCE FROM PORTUGAL ON 24TH SEPTEMBER 1973 AFTER YEARS OF ARMED CONFLICT.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): PORTUGUESE
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, WEST AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: NON-FILLET FROZEN FISH, CASHEW NUTS, PEANUTS, PALM KERNELS, LUMBER, ACYCLIC ALCOHOLS. OTHER RESOURCES INCLUDE; PHOSPHATES, GRANITE, CLAY, BAUXITE, UNEXPLOITED DEPOSITS OF PETROLEUM AND LIMESTONE
  • GDP: 1.347 BILLION USD (2017)

  

KENYA    

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: UHURU KENYATTA

  • AREA: 580,367 KM²
  • LOCATION: EAST AFRICA, BORDERING THE INDIAN OCEAN IN SOUTH EAST, NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES ARE ETHIOPIA, SOMALIA, SOUTH SUDAN, TANZANIA, AND UGANDA.
  • POPULATION: 49.7 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: NAIROBI
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON DECEMBER 12TH, 1963.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): SWAHILI, ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: KENYAN SHILLING
  • MAIN EXPORTS: HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS AND TEA. OTHERS INCLUDE; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, FISH, CEMENT, PYRETHRUM, AND SISAL.
  • GDP: $98.264 BILLION 

 

LESOTHO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KING: LETSIE III OF LESOTHO

PRIME MINISTER: TOM THABANE

  • AREA: 30,355 KM²
  • LOCATION: LANDLOCKED KINGDOM ENCIRCLED BY SOUTH AFRICA.
  • POPULATION: 2.233 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MASERU
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON OCTOBER 4TH, 1966.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH, SOUTHERN SOTHO, SOUTH AFRICAN ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SOUTH AFRICAN RAND, LESOTHO LOTI
  • MAIN EXPORTS: TEXTILES, CLOTHING, FOOTWEAR, DIAMONDS AND WATER (AS A RESULT OF THE LESOTHO HIGHLANDS WATER PROJECT)
  • GDP: 2.639 BILLION USD (2017)

 

LIBERIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: GEORGE WEAH

  • AREA: 111,369 KM²
  • LOCATION: ON THE WEST AFRICAN COAST BORDERED BY SIERRA LEONE TO ITS NORTHWEST, GUINEA TO ITS NORTH, IVORY COAST TO ITS EAST, AND THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO ITS SOUTH-SOUTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 4.732 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MONROVIA
  • INDEPENDENCE: LIBERIAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE IS A DOCUMENT ADOPTED BY THE LIBERIAN CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION ON JULY 26, 1847, TO ANNOUNCE THAT THE COMMONWEALTH OF LIBERIA, A COLONY FOUNDED AND CONTROLLED BY THE PRIVATE AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY, WAS AN INDEPENDENT STATE KNOWN AS THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA. THE DECLARATION WAS WRITTEN BY HILARY TEAGUE AND ADOPTED SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH THE FIRST CONSTITUTION OF LIBERIA. THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE ADOPTION OF THE DECLARATION AND ACCOMPANYING CONSTITUTION IS CELEBRATED AS INDEPENDENCE DAY IN LIBERIA.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): LIBERIAN ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: LIBERIAN DOLLAR
  • MAIN EXPORTS: RUBBER, DIAMOND, TIMBER, IRON, COFFEE AND COCOA
  • GDP: 2.158 BILLION USD (2017)

 

LIBYA

  • AREA: 1.76 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: IN THE MAGHREB REGION IN NORTH AFRICA, BORDERED BY THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA TO THE NORTH, EGYPT TO THE EAST, SUDAN TO THE SOUTHEAST, CHAD TO THE SOUTH, NIGER TO THE SOUTHWEST, ALGERIA TO THE WEST, AND TUNISIA TO THE NORTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 6.375 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: TRIPOLI
  • INDEPENDENCE: ON 24 DECEMBER 1951, LIBYA DECLARED ITS INDEPENDENCE AS THE UNITED KINGDOM OF LIBYA
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: LIBYAN DINAR
  • MAIN EXPORTS: CRUDE OIL, REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, NATURAL GAS, CHEMICALS
  • GDP: 50.98 BILLION USD (2017)

 

MADAGASCAR

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: ANDRY RAJOELINA

PRIME MINISTER: OLIVIER MAHAFALY SOLONANDRASANA

  • AREA: 587,041 KM²
  • LOCATION: AN ISLAND COUNTRY IN THE INDIAN OCEAN, APPROXIMATELY 400 KILOMETRES OFF THE COAST OF EAST AFRICA
  • POPULATION: 25.57 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: ANTANANARIVO
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 26TH JUNE, 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, MALAGASY
  • CURRENCY: MALAGASY ARIARY, IRAIMBILANJA
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COFFEE, VANILLA, SHELLFISH, SUGAR, AND FIBER
  • GDP: 11.5 BILLION USD (2017)

 

MALAWI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: PETER MUTHARIKA

  • AREA: 118,484 KM²
  • LOCATION: A LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN SOUTHEASTERN AFRICA BORDERED BY AMBIA TO THE NORTHWEST, TANZANIA TO THE NORTHEAST AND MOZAMBIQUE TO THE SOUTH, SOUTHWEST AND SOUTHEAST
  • POPULATION: 18.62 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: LILONGWE
  • INDEPENDENCE: DECLARED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 6TH JULY, 1964
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH, CHEWA
  • CURRENCY: MALAWIAN KWACHA
  • MAIN EXPORTS: TOBACCO, TEA, SUGAR, COTTON, COFFEE, RUBBER, MACADAMIA NUTS, SOYA, RICE, SPICES, TEXTILES, CLOTHING, FOOTWEAR, WOOD PRODUCTS, GEMSTONES AND URANIUM.
  • GDP: 6.303 BILLION USD (2017)

 

MALI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: IBRAHIM BOUBACAR KEÏTA

PRIME MINISTER: BOUBOU CISSE

  • AREA: 1.241 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN WEST AFRICA BORDERED BY ALGERIA TO THE NORTH-NORTHEAST, NIGER TO THE EAST, BURKINA FASO AND IVORY COAST TO THE SOUTH, GUINEA TO THE SOUTHWEST, AND SENEGAL AND MAURITANIA TO THE WEST.
  • POPULATION: 18.54 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: BAMAKO
  • INDEPENDENCE: THE MALI FEDERATION GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 20 JUNE 1960. SENEGAL WITHDREW FROM THE FEDERATION IN AUGUST 1960, WHICH ALLOWED THE SUDANESE REPUBLIC TO BECOME THE INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC OF MALI ON 22 SEPTEMBER 1960, AND THAT DATE IS NOW THE COUNTRY’S INDEPENDENCE DAY.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ‎FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, WEST AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: PEARLS, PRECIOUS STONES, METALS, COINS, COTTON, LIVE ANIMALS
  • GDP: 15.29 BILLION USD (2017)

 

MAURITANIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: MOHAMED OULD ABDEL AZIZ

PRIME MINISTER: MOHAMED SALEM OULD BÉCHIR

  • AREA: 1.03 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: COUNTRY IN NORTHWEST AFRICA. IT IS THE ELEVENTH LARGEST SOVEREIGN STATE IN AFRICA AND IS BORDERED BY THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO THE WEST, WESTERN SAHARA TO THE NORTH AND NORTHWEST, ALGERIA TO THE NORTHEAST, MALI TO THE EAST AND SOUTHEAST, AND SENEGAL TO THE SOUTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 4.42 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: NOUAKCHOTT
  • INDEPENDENCE: DECLARED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 28TH NOVEMBER 1960.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: MAURITANIAN OUGUIYA
  • MAIN EXPORTS: IRON ORE, PETROLEUM, GOLD, COPPER, GYPSUM, FISH
  • GDP: 5.025 BILLION USD (2017)