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African Fact File 3

MAURITIUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 PRESIDENT: BARLEN VYAPOORY (ACTING)

PRIME MINISTER: PRAVIND JUGNAUTH

  • AREA: 2,040 KM2
  • LOCATION: AN ISLAND NATION IN THE INDIAN OCEAN. THE MAIN ISLAND OF MAURITIUS IS LOCATED ABOUT 2,000 KILOMETRES (1,200 MI) OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENT.
  • POPULATION: 1.265 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: PORT LOUIS
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON MARCH 12, 1968
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: MAURITIAN RUPEE
  • MAIN EXPORTS: TEXTILES, SUGAR AND FISH
  • GDP: 13.34 BILLION USD (2017)

 

MORROCO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KING: MOHAMMED VI

PRIME MINISTER: SAADEDDINE OTHMANI

  • AREA: 446,550 KM²
  • LOCATION: A NORTHERN AFRICAN COUNTRY, BORDERING THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN AND THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA, BETWEEN ALGERIA AND THE ANNEXED WESTERN SAHARA.
  • POPULATION: 35.74 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: RABAT
  • INDEPENDENCE: MOROCCO OFFICIALLY GAINED INDEPENDENCE ON 2 MARCH 1956 AFTER THE SIGNING OF A JOINT DECLARATION IN PARIS TO REPLACE THE TREATY OF FEZ THAT HAD ESTABLISHED THE PROTECTORATE IN 1912.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC, ‎BERBER
  • CURRENCY: MOROCCAN DIRHAM
  • MAIN EXPORTS: AGRICULTURE, PHOSPHATE MINERALS, AND TOURISM
  • GDP: 109.1 BILLION USD (2017)

 

MOZAMBIQUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: FILIPE NYUSI

 PRIME MINISTER: CARLOS AGOSTINHO DO ROSÁRIO

  • AREA: 801,590 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED ON THE SOUTHEAST COAST OF AFRICA. IT IS BOUND BY SWAZILAND TO THE SOUTH, SOUTH AFRICA TO THE SOUTHWEST, ZIMBABWE TO THE WEST, ZAMBIA AND MALAWI TO THE NORTHWEST, TANZANIA TO THE NORTH AND THE INDIAN OCEAN TO THE EAST.
  • POPULATION: 29.67 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MAPUTO
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM PORTUGAL ON JUNE 25, 1975 AFTER A PROTRACTED PERIOD OF ARMED COMFLCT
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): PORTUGUESE
  • CURRENCY: MOZAMBICAN METICAL
  • MAIN EXPORTS: PRAWNS, COTTON, CASHEW NUTS, SUGAR, CITRUS, COPRA AND COCONUTS, TIMBER ALUMINIUM, COAL, ELECTRICITY AND PETROLEUM
  • GDP: 12.33 BILLION USD (2017)

 

NAMBIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: HAGE GEINGOB

PRIME MINISTER: SAARA KUUGONGELWA

  • AREA: 825,419 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED ALONG THE ATLANTIC COAST OF SOUTHERN AFRICA. NAMIBIA SHARES BORDERS WITH ANGOLA AND ZAMBIA TO THE NORTH, BOTSWANA TO THE EAST, AND SOUTH AFRICA TO THE SOUTH
  • POPULATION: 2.534 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: WINDHOEK
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM SOUTH AFRICAN ON 21 MARCH 1990
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): GERMAN, ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SOUTH AFRICAN RAND, NAMIBIAN DOLLAR
  • MAIN EXPORTS: DIAMONDS, COPPER, GOLD, ZINC, FISH PRODUCTS, BEEF AND MEAT PRODUCTS
  • GDP: 13.24 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 NIGER

 

PRESIDENT: MAHAMADOU ISSOUFOU

PRIME MINISTER: BRIGI RAFINI

  • AREA: 1.268 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: A WEST AFRICAN COUNTRY BORDERED BY LIBYA TO THE NORTHEAST, CHAD TO THE EAST, NIGERIA TO THE SOUTH, BENIN TO THE SOUTHWEST, BURKINA FASO AND MALI TO THE WEST, AND ALGERIA TO THE NORTHWEST
  • POPULATION: 21.48 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: NIAMEY
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 3RD AUGUST, 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, WESTAFICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: URANIUM, COAL, GOLD, IRON ORE, TIN, PHOSPHATES, PETROLEUM, MOLYBDENUM, SALT, GYPSUM LIVESTOCK, COWPEAS, ONIONS, COTTON
  • GDP: 8.12 BILLION USD (2017)

 

NIGERIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: MUHAMMADU BUHARI

  • AREA: 923,763 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN WEST AFRICA, BORDERING NIGER IN THE NORTH, CHAD IN THE NORTHEAST, CAMEROON IN THE EAST, AND BENIN IN THE WEST. ITS COAST IN THE SOUTH IS LOCATED ON THE GULF OF GUINEA IN THE ATLANTIC OCEAN.
  • POPULATION: 190.9 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: ABUJA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON OCTOBER 1, 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: NIGERIAN NAIRA
  • MAIN EXPORTS: PETROLEUM, NATURAL GAS, TIN, IRON ORE, COAL, LIMESTONE, NIOBIUM, LEAD, ZINC
  • GDP: 375.8 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 RWANDA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 PRESIDENT: PAUL KAGAME

 PRIME MINISTER: ÉDOUARD NGIRENTE

  • AREA: 26,338 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN CENTRAL/EASTERN AFRICA, AND IS BORDERED BY THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO TO THE WEST, UGANDA TO THE NORTH, TANZANIA TO THE EAST, AND BURUNDI TO THE SOUTH. IT LIES A FEW DEGREES SOUTH OF THE EQUATOR AND IS LANDLOCKED
  • POPULATION: 12.21 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: KIGALI
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BELGIUM ON JULY 1, 1962.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH; FRENCH; KINYARWANDA
  • CURRENCY: RWANDAN FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COFFEE, TEA, TIN CASSITERITE, WOLFFRAMITE, AND PYRETHRUM
  • GDP: 9.137 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: EVARISTO CARVALHO

PRIME MINISTER: JORGE BOM JESUS

  • AREA: 1,001 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN THE EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC AND GULF OF GUINEA ABOUT 300 AND 250 KILOMETRES (190 AND 160 MI), RESPECTIVELY, OFF THE NORTHWEST COAST OF GABON
  • POPULATION: 204,327 (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: SÃO TOMÉ
  • INDEPENDENCE: ACHIEVED INDEPENDENCE FROM PORTUGAL ON 12 JULY 1975
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): PORTUGUESE
  • CURRENCY: SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE DOBRA
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COCOA, COPRA, COFFEE, PALM OIL
  • GDP: 390.9 MILLION USD (2017)

 

SENEGAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: MACKY SALL

  • AREA: 196,712 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED ON THE COAST OF WEST AFRICA, BORDERING THE NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN IN WEST. IT IS BORDERED BY THE GAMBIA, GUINEA, GUINEA-BISSAU, MALI, AND MAURITANIA, AND IT SHARES A MARITIME BORDERS WITH CAPE VERDE.
  • POPULATION: 15.85 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: DAKAR
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 4 APRIL 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH, ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC, WEST AFRICAN CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: OIL, PHOSPHATE, GOLD AND FISH
  • GDP: 16.37 BILLION USD (2017)

 

SEYCHELLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: DANNY FAURE

  • AREA: 459 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED 1,600 KM (1,000 MI) EAST OF THE AFRICAN COAST IN THE INDIAN OCEAN AT THE CROSSROAD BETWEEN ASIA AND AFRICA.
  • POPULATION: 95,843 (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: VICTORIA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 29 JUNE 1976
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH, FRENCH AND SEYCHELLOIS CREOLE
  • CURRENCY: SEYCHELLOIS RUPEE
  • MAIN EXPORTS: FISH. OTHERS INCLUDE; CINNAMON, VANILLA, SWEET POTATOES, CASSAVA (MANIOC, TAPIOCA), COPRA, BANANAS; POULTRY
  • GDP: 1.486 BILLION USD (2017)

 

SIERRA LEON

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: JULIUS MAADA BIO

  • AREA: 71,740 KM2
  • LOCATION: LOCATED ON THE WEST COAST OF AFRICA, BETWEEN THE 7TH AND 10TH PARALLELS NORTH OF THE EQUATOR. SIERRA LEONE IS BORDERED BY GUINEA TO THE NORTH AND NORTHEAST, LIBERIA TO THE SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST, AND THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO THE WEST
  • POPULATION: 7.557 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: FREETOWN
  • INDEPENDENCE: 27 APRIL 1961
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SIERRA LEONEAN LEONE
  • MAIN EXPORTS: DIAMONDS, COCOA, COFFEE AND FISH
  • GDP: 3.774 BILLION USD (2017)

 

SOMALIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: MOHAMED ABDULLAHI MOHAMED

PRIME MINISTER: HASSAN ALI KHAYRE

  • AREA: 637,657 KM2
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED BY ETHIOPIA TO THE WEST, DJIBOUTI TO THE NORTHWEST, THE GULF OF ADEN TO THE NORTH, THE SOMALI SEA AND GUARDAFUI CHANNEL TO THE EAST, AND KENYA TO THE SOUTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 14.74 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MOGADISHU
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 1 JULY 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): SOMALI, ARABIC, MODERN STANDARD ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: UNITED STATES DOLLAR, SOMALI SHILLING
  • MAIN EXPORTS: LIVESTOCK, BANANAS, SKINS, FISH, CHARCOAL AND SCRAP METAL
  • GDP: 7.369 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 SOUTH AFRICA

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: CYRIL RAMAPHOSA

  • AREA: 1.22 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: OCCUPIES THE MOST SOUTHERN PART OF AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED BY BOTSWANA, MOZAMBIQUE, NAMIBIA, SWAZILAND, AND ZIMBABWE AND IT SURROUNDS THE SMALL KINGDOM OF LESOTHO. SOUTH AFRICA HAS A COASTLINE ON BOTH THE SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN IN WEST AND THE INDIAN OCEAN IN EAST.
  • POPULATION: 56.72 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: PRETORIA (EXECUTIVE), CAPE TOWN (LEGISLATIVE), BLOEMFONTEIN (JUDICIAL)
  • INDEPENDENCE: BECAME A FULLY SOVEREIGN NATION STATE WITHIN THE BRITISH EMPIRE, IN 1934 FOLLOWING ENACTMENT OF THE STATUS OF THE UNION ACT. THE MONARCHY CAME TO AN END ON 31 MAY 1961, REPLACED BY A REPUBLIC AS THE CONSEQUENCE OF A 1960 REFERENDUM, WHICH LEGITIMISED THE COUNTRY BECOMING THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH, AFRIKAANS, ZULU, XHOSA, SOUTHERN SOTHO, TSWANA, VENDA, NORTHERN SOTHO, TSONGA, SWATI, NDEBELE, SOUTH AFRICAN ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SOUTH AFRICAN RAND
  • MAIN EXPORTS: CORN, DIAMONDS, FRUITS, GOLD, METALS AND MINERALS, SUGAR, AND WOOL.
  • GDP: 349.4 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 SUDAN (NORTH)

 

 

 

 

 

CHAIRMAN OF THE TRANSITIONAL MILITARY COUNCIL: ABDEL FATTAH AL-BURHAN

  • AREA: 1.886 MILLION KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN NORTHEASTERN AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED BY EGYPT TO THE NORTH, THE RED SEA TO THE NORTHEAST, ERITREA AND ETHIOPIA TO THE EAST, SOUTH SUDAN TO THE SOUTH, THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC TO THE SOUTHWEST, CHAD TO THE WEST AND LIBYA TO THE NORTHWEST.
  • POPULATION: 40.53 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: KHARTOUM
  • INDEPENDENCE: ON 1 JANUARY 1956, THE ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN GAINED INDEPENDENCE AS THE REPUBLIC OF THE SUDAN
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC, MODERN STANDARD ARABIC, ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SUDANESE POUND
  • MAIN EXPORTS: GOLD, LIVESTOCK, OIL AND COTTON
  • GDP: 117.5 BILLION USD (2017)

 

SOUTH SUDAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: SALVA KIIR MAYARDIT

  • AREA: 619,745 KM²
  • LOCATION: A LANDLOCKED COUNTRY AND BORDERS – CLOCKWISE – SUDAN FROM THE NORTH, ETHIOPIA FROM THE EAST, KENYA, UGANDA AND THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO FROM THE SOUTH AND THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC FROM THE WEST.
  • POPULATION: 12.58 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: JUBA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE AFTER SECEDING FROM SUDAN ON JULY 9, 2011
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC, ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SOUTH SUDANESE POUND
  • MAIN EXPORTS: OIL, GOLD, IRON ORE, COPPER, LIVESTOCK
  • GDP: 2.904 BILLION USD (2016)

 

 SWAZILAND

KING: MSWATI III


 

 

 

 

PRIME MINISTER: AMBROSE DLAMINI

  • AREA: 17,364 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN SOUTHERN AFRICA, LYING BETWEEN MOZAMBIQUE AND SOUTH AFRICA
  • POPULATION: 1.367 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: MBABANE (EXECUTIVE), LOBAMBA (LEGISLATIVE)
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 6 SEPTEMBER 1968
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): SWATI, ENGLISH, SOUTH AFRICAN ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: SWAZI LILANGENI, SOUTH AFRICAN RAND
  • MAIN EXPORTS: SOFT-DRINK CONCENTRATES, CONFECTIONERY, CANNED FRUIT AND OTHER FOOD PRODUCTS, CLOTHING AND TEXTILES; AND WOOD PULP, TIMBER AND PAPER/BOARD PRODUCTS
  • GDP: 4.409 BILLION USD (2017)

 

TANZANIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: JOHN MAGUFULI

PRIME MINISTER: KASSIM MAJALIWA

  • AREA: 945,087 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN EAST AFRICA AND BORDERS KENYA AND UGANDA ON THE NORTH, RWANDA, BURUNDI AND THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO ON THE WEST, AND ZAMBIA, MALAWI AND MOZAMBIQUE ON THE SOUTH. TO THE EAST IT BORDERS THE INDIAN OCEAN.
  • POPULATION: 57.31 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: DODOMA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 9 DECEMBER 1961
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): SWAHILI, ENGLISH
  • CURRENCY: TANZANIAN SHILLING
  • MAIN EXPORTS: TOBACCO, COFFEE, COTTON, CASHEWNUTS, TEA, CLOVES, GOLD AND MANUFACTURED GOODS.
  • GDP: 52.09 BILLION USD (2017)

 

TOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESDENT: FAURE GNASSINGBÉ

 PRIME MINISTER: KOMI SÉLOM KLASSOU

  • AREA: 56,785 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN WEST AFRICA BORDERED BY GHANA TO THE WEST, BENIN TO THE EAST AND BURKINA FASO TO THE NORTH
  • POPULATION: 7.798 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: LOME
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 27 APRIL 1960
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): FRENCH
  • CURRENCY: CFA FRANC
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COFFEE, COCOA, MAIZE AND COTTON
  • GDP: 4.813 BILLION USD (2017)

 

 TUNISIA

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: BEJI CAID ESSEBSI

PRIME MINISTER: YOUSSEF CHAHE

  • AREA: 163,610 KM²
  • LOCATION: IN NORTHERN AFRICA, BORDERING THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA, HAVING A WESTERN BORDER WITH ALGERIA (965 KM) AND SOUTH-EASTERN BORDER WITH LIBYA (459 KM) WHERE THE WIDTH OF LAND TAPERS TO THE SOUTH-WEST INTO THE SAHARA.
  • POPULATION: 11.53 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: TUNIS
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM FRANCE ON 20 MARCH 1956.
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ARABIC
  • CURRENCY: TUNISIAN DINAR
  • MAIN EXPORTS: CLOTHING, SEMI-FINISHED GOODS AND TEXTILES, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, MECHANICAL GOODS, PHOSPHATES AND CHEMICALS, HYDROCARBONS, AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
  • GDP: 40.26 BILLION USD (2017)

 

UGANDA

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRESIDENT: YOWERI MUSEVENI

PRIME MINISTER: RUHAKANA RUGUNDA

  • AREA: 241,037 KM²
  • LOCATION: LOCATED IN EAST-CENTRAL AFRICA. IT IS BORDERED TO THE EAST BY KENYA, TO THE NORTH BY SOUTH SUDAN, TO THE WEST BY THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, TO THE SOUTH-WEST BY RWANDA, AND TO THE SOUTH BY TANZANIA
  • POPULATION: 42.86 MILLION (2017)
  • CAPITAL CITY: KAMPALA
  • INDEPENDENCE: GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN ON 9 OCTOBER 1962
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S): ENGLISH, SWAHILI
  • CURRENCY: UGANDAN SHILLING
  • MAIN EXPORTS: COFFEE, TEA, COTTON, COPPER, FISH
  • GDP: 25.89 BILLION USD (2017)