God bless our homeland Ghana.
And make our nation bold and strong,
Bold to defend forever
The cause of Freedom and of Right.
Fill our hearts with true humility,
Make us cherish fearless honesty,
And help us to resist oppressors’ rule
With all our will and might evermore.
Hail to thy name, O Ghana:
To thee we make our solemn vow;
Steadfast to build together
A nation strong in Unity;
With our gifts of mind and strength of arm,
Whether night or day, in the midst of storm,
In every need whate’er the call may be,
To serve thee, Ghana, now and evermore.
Raise high the flag of Ghana,
And one with Africa advance;
Black star of hope and honor,
To all who thirst for liberty;
Whether the banner of Ghana free flies,
May the way to freedom truly lie.
Arise, arise, O sons of Ghanaland,
And under God, march on forevermore.
The National Flag
The Ghana National Flag was designed by Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh, a Ghanian, to replace the flag of the United Kingdom of Britain and Ireland upon the attainment of independence in 1957.
The flag of Ghana consists of the colours red, gold and green in horizontal stripes with a five pointed black star in the centre of the gold stripe.
- Red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence.
- Gold represents the mineral wealth of the country.
- Green symbolizes the country’s rich forests.
- The Black Star stands for the lodestar of African Freedom.
I promise on my honour
To be faithful and loyal to Ghana my Motherland.
I pledge myself to the service of Ghana,
With all my strength and with all my heart.
I promise to hold in high esteem,
Our heritage, won for us
Through the blood and toil of our fathers;
I pledge myself in all things
To uphold and defend the good name of Ghana.
So help me God.
Coat of Arms
The Ghana Coat of Arms is found on all government official heads. It symbolizes government official sanction and it is found at important Government places like the Castles, Courts and Government offices. The Coat of Arms was designed by Mr. Amon Kotei, a Ghanian. It is composed of a shield, divided into four quarters by a green St. George’s Cross, rimmed with gold. The following are the symbols in the quarters and their meanings:
- Crossed linguist staff and ceremonial sword on a blue background
Position: Top right-hand quarter
Represents: Local administration
- A heraldic castle on a heraldic sea with a light blue background
Position: Top right-hand quarter
Represents: National Government
- A Cocoa Tree
Position: Bottom left hand quarter
Represents: The agricultural wealth of the country
- A Mine Shaft
Position: Bottom right hand quarter
Represents: The mineral wealth of the country
- A Gold Lion
Position: In the centre of the green St. George’s Cross
Represents: The continued link between Ghana and the Commonwealth
- Black five pointed star rimmed with gold standing on the wreath of red, gold and green colours
Position: Surmounting (on top of) the shield
Represents: The lodestar of African Freedom
- Two Eagles, around each of whose neck hangs a black star suspended from a ribbon of Ghana colours – red, gold and green
Position: Supporting the shield (Coat of Arms)
Represents: Signifies a protector with strength, very clear and attentive eyes keeping watch over the country.
The motto: FREEDOM AND JUSTICE is found under the shield.